TOP 6 sights of Bodrum
Turkey ranks sixth in the world in terms of tourist destinations due to the subtropical climate on the coast, ski resorts in winter, hot springs and a rich history. The country is washed by four seas: Mediterranean, Aegean, Marmara, Black. So, on the Aegean coast is the resort town of Bodrum, which is popular for its mild climate, comfortable water temperature from April to October, as well as many historical and architectural attractions. For those who want to relax in this resort there is the opportunity to buy a tour to Turkey with a flight from Kiev!
Castle of St. Petra
Going on vacation to Turkey, visit St. Peter’s Castle, erected in the VI century by the architect Pythias. In its construction, green volcanic stones and marble were used. The fortress was guarded by knights of different nationalities, and what are the reasons for the names of the castle towers:
– English tower;
The fortress was reliably protected from attacks thanks to the moat, observation platforms, battlements with holes, from which molten oil was poured onto the invaders.
Today, the castle has a museum of underwater archeology.
Museum of Underwater Archeology
In 1973, a museum was opened in Bodrum Castle, where artifacts from the bottom of the Mediterranean and Aegean Seas are presented: amphorae, antique coins, vases.
The museum is equipped with multimedia displays that highlight the finds. Also on the territory is a glass-blowing workshop that children like.
The most valuable and interesting exhibit of the museum is a merchant ship sunk in the Mediterranean Sea up to 15 m long, dating from the 14th century BC.
Gates of Mindos
The main entrance to the ancient city of Halicarnassus, present-day Bodrum, was protected by the gates of Mindos, which were in the 4th century. BC. part of the fortress walls surrounding the settlement. Some fragments of this structure have been preserved. Until now, the Turkish authorities are excavating and restoring the gate.
The construction consisted of three powerful and durable towers of stone, which even the great commander Alexander of Macedon could not immediately defeat. History buffs will be interested to consider the remains of tombs near the gates and mosaic fragments left over from ancient times.
A magnificent view of the city opens from the Amphitheater, located on the mountain. Construction restored in our time. The complex consists of a stage, seats for spectators and a platform for the choir. In ancient times, the amphitheater accommodated up to 13,000 spectators.
On the lower ranks, marble slabs are still preserved, which were faced with steps carved on the side of the mountain. Tourists visiting Bodrum in the summer will enjoy concerts and performances held at the theater, and will be able to imagine how it was during the time of Halicarnassus.
Fans of oriental exoticism and antiquity will be amazed at the Old Town, with narrow cobbled and winding pedestrian streets and a beautiful promenade.
The whitewashed stone cottages in the thickets of grapes, like on a postcard, will be a wonderful backdrop for photographs as a keepsake, and numerous cafes and boutiques will relax tourists after long walks in the ancient area. This part of the city resembles that fishing village from which modern Bodrum grew.
The mausoleum, built in honor of the Mausoleum, the cruel ruler of Halicarnassus, by the architects Satyr and Pythius, was considered one of the seven wonders of the world in antiquity. Sculptors Skopas and Leohar decorated the facade with statues, the largest of which, the chariot with Mausoleum and his wife sitting in it, reached three meters in height. The mausoleum itself, along with the figures, stood 46 meters above the city.
Now tourists will see piles of marble and the remains of a former miracle. But the grandeur of the mausoleum was not destroyed either by the earthquake or by the hospital knights who used the stones of the building to build St. Peter’s Castle.