Why are Egyptian pyramids considered a wonder of the world?
Tourists who went on vacation to Egypt, along with the opportunity to spend a vacation on the seashore, get a nice bonus – a chance to get acquainted with one of the oldest and most famous buildings in the world, whose history is shrouded in many mysteries and legends.
Let’s see why the Egyptian pyramids are considered a wonder of the world.
Stone mountains: when did the pyramids of Egypt appear?
Despite its considerable age (almost five millennia!), The Egyptian pyramids are perfectly preserved to this day. Regarding the history of their creation, there are many speculations, for example, that the buildings were created by the Atlanteans. But the official version remains unchanged: the ancient Egyptians erected giant tombs near Cairo.
Until the end of the 19th century, the Giza pyramids remained the tallest structures in the world until the Eiffel Tower was built in France. In addition, it is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World that has been fully preserved to this day. More precisely, only one building of the famous complex was awarded this title – the Cheops pyramid, it is also the Great Pyramid of Giza. Its original height was almost 150 meters, and the size of the base (on one side) was 230 meters. The construction weighs over six million tons! Just imagine how much effort and expense has been spent on their construction and you will not be surprised why the Egyptian pyramids are the first of the Seven Wonders of the World.
How and who built the pyramids?
Given the age and scale of the pyramids, it is striking that these structures were built completely by hand. The construction of each tomb required about 20 years and 100 thousand workers. According to the stories of the ancient Greek historian Herodotus, papyrus ropes and a wooden lever were used to install two-ton stone blocks, and the builders were changed every three months. How many people died or were crippled under the weight of broken stone blocks is a big mystery.
After the walls of the pyramid were erected (we see them today), white cladding blocks were installed on its step, which were then polished. During the time of the pharaohs, stone buildings “sparkled” under the hot African sun, but until today the brilliant beauty, unfortunately, has not been preserved – during a strong earthquake, the lining collapsed, exposing the stone “skeleton” of the pyramids.
The riddles of the pyramids of Giza
In the design of the pyramids of Egypt, many mysteries are hidden, which modern scientists can not solve even with the help of digital equipment. But thanks to these amazing features of the buildings, all the questions disappear why the Egyptian pyramids are a miracle of the world, to match the not-preserved Alexandria lighthouse and the “hanging gardens” of Babylon, the statue of Zeus, the Temple of Artemis and the Colossus of Rhodes.
The first riddle concerns the accuracy of the construction of structures and the choice of a point in the air in the direction of which the construction was carried out. A shift of even a couple of degrees would lead to disastrous consequences, but the calculations of Egyptian engineers were flawless. But that is not all!
Abbot More, the head of the Bourgeois Observatory, once established that by multiplying the height of the pyramid by a million, a figure is obtained that is approximately equal to the distance from the Earth to the Sun. Namely, 148 210 000 kilometers. He argued that by adding the lengths of the sides of the base of the pyramid and then dividing the sum by twice the height of the structure, you can get the value of the number “Pi”. Here they are, the amazing pyramids of Egypt, which everyone should see!